ISSUE/POLICY BRIEFS & REPORTS

PEOPLE'S LIBERATION ARMY (PLA) AND PEOPLE'S ARMED POLICE (PAP) DEPUTIES TO CHINA’S THIRTEENTH NATIONAL PEOPLE'S
Chen Min’er, Politburo member and recently appointed Party Secretary of the centrally administered Chongqing Municipality, said on the sidelines of the NPC session on March 6, 2018, that investigating former Politburo members Bo Xilai and Sun Zhengcai had removed "major political hidden dangers for the party" and that "They both are the source of the pollution of the political ecology, and they massively harmed Chongqing's officials."
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Mar 2018

XI JINPING PREPARES TO LEAD CHINA INTO NEW THIRTY YEAR ERA
Last week there was a major, though anticipated, development in China’s internal politics with the announcement that term limits on the posts of China’s President and Vice President would be abolished. Removing the limitation on these tenures establishes Xi Jinping’s pre-eminent stature and allows him to continue interminably subject to his health.
The decision potentially has immense implications and long-term repercussions.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Mar 2018

SITUATION IN MALDIVES COULD POTENTIALLY FURTHER RAISE INDIA-CHINA TENSIONS
The political uncertainty and social instability in the Indian Ocean archipelago of the Maldives has the potential to increase tensions between India and China. Since its independence in 1966, when India was the first country to recognise it, the Maldives has been perceived as within India’s sphere of influence and sought and received India’s assistance in times of dire need.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Feb 2018

DISTANCING THE PLA FROM POLITICS – REPRESENTATIVES IN CCP STANDING COMMITTEES
From 2015, PLA officers began being removed from the Provincial Party Standing Committees. Indications are now surfacing that this policy is under review and possibly being reversed. A major reversal in this policy has, however, become evident from December 2017 since when PLA officers have begun being brought back into the Provincial Party Standing Committees.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Jan 2018

DIFFERENT FACETS OF THE DOKLAM FACE-OFF: AN OVERVIEW
The 73-day face-off between India and China at Doklam that ended on August 28, 2017 marks an important juncture in India-China relations. The nature of the military deployments, kind of Chinese propaganda offensive not witnessed in over 40 years, and actions of the Chinese Foreign Ministry and Chinese Embassy in New Delhi, set it apart from earlier stand-offs.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Dec 2017

ANALYSIS OF CHINA’S 19TH PARTY CONGRESS
Already holding over fourteen formal positions -- more than any other CCP leader so far – CCP CC General Secretary Xi Jinping has, as anticipated, emerged considerably stronger from this Congress. By skilful use of the sustained anti-corruption campaign he has eliminated opposition in the Party and military and drastically reduced the influence wielded by his predecessor once removed, Jiang Zemin. In September 2017, China’s official media publicised that more than 176 CCP cadres equivalent to the rank of central Vice Minister and above had been dismissed and arrested for corruption and that more than 14,000 officers of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) had been similarly dismissed. At least 120 officers of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of and above the rank of Major General have been dismissed and retired.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Nov 2017

FULL MEMBERS OF 19TH CENTRAL COMMITTEE
丁晓光 Ding Xiaoguang
丁来杭 Ding Laihang
丁学东 Ding Xuedong
丁薛祥 Ding Xuexiang
于伟国 Yu Weiguo ....
CHINA'S 19th PARTY CONGRESS INDICATES NO CHANGE IN CHINA'S POLICY TOWARDS TIBET
The week long (October 18-24, 2017) 19th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), which was held in Beijing, concluded as anticipated with Xi Jinping emerging considerably stronger. For those watching the Congress for clues as to Xi Jinping’s policies towards China’s ethnic minorities and especially Tibet and Xinjiang, however, there appears little prospect of any relaxation of controls. An indication was the sharp drop in the number of ethnic minority cadres elected to the new 19th Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Central Committee (CC).
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Oct 2017

Alternate members of 19th central committee
1. Ma Zhengwu
2. Ma Weiming(Old)
3. Ma Guoqiang(Hui ethnic group)
4. Wang Ning(Fujian)(Old)
5. Wang Yongkang
6. Wang Weizhong
7. Wang Xudong
8. Wang Xiubin ...
CHINA’S 19th PARTY CONGRESS: NEW LEADERS TO STEER CHINA TO THE CHINA DREAM
The week long (October 18-24, 2017) 19th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), which was held in Beijing, concluded as anticipated with Xi Jinping emerging considerably stronger. His contribution to Chinese communist ideology was recognised and unanimously approved for incorporation into the Party Constitution as ‘Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese characteristics for a New Era’. He is the first CCP leader to have his contribution, attached to his name, enshrined in the Party Constitution while still alive. This places it next in heft to those of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, especially with the Chinese media already having begun to headline it as “Xi Jinping Thought”!
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Oct 2017

INITIAL ASSESSMENT OF XI JINPING’S WORK REPORT AT 19TH PARTY CONGRESS
The crucial 19th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) opened in Beijing on October 18, 2017, amidst stringent security restrictions in Beijing and other major cities in China. Nearly a thousand foreign reporters from 130 countries are reported to be covering the Congress. The Congress was preceded by other important meetings, namely the 7th and last Plenum of the 18th CCP Central Committee (CC), and of the Party’s powerful anti-corruption body the Central Discipline Inspection Commission (CDIC) chaired by Xi Jinping’s close associate and Politburo Standing Committee member, Wang Qishan.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Oct 2017

INITIAL ASSESSMENT OF XI JINPING’S WORK REPORT AT 19TH PARTY CONGRESS
The 19th Party Congress, crucial for Xi Jinping achieving his agenda for ‘national rejuvenation’, opened on October 18, 2017, amidst stringent security in Beijing and other major Chinese cities including the autonomous regions of Tibet and Xinjiang.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Oct 2017

PLA's 253 DELEGATES FOR THE 19TH PARTY CONGRESS
On September 6, 2017, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) and People's Armed Police Force (PAPF) announced that they had elected a total of 303 Delegates to the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The PLA elected 253 Delegates to represent it at the 19th Party Congress, which will open in Beijing on October 18, 2017. A list identifying the 253 individuals together with almost all their designations is appended.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Sep 2017

Brief Analysis of Chinese Propaganda during India-China Face-off at Doklum
An analysis of China’s propaganda effort and its state-owned media’s coverage between June 16 and August 1, 2017, during the ongoing face-off between Indian and Chinese troops on the Doklum Plateau, yields some interesting insights.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Aug 2017

CHINA : DELEGATES SELECTED TO THE 19TH PARTY CONGRESS
Preparations for the 19th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) which, according to credible reports is likely to be held towards the end of October 2017, are well underway. The election of 2,300 Delegates to the Party Congress from 40 electoral blocs has virtually been completed. 2,270 Delegates were elected to the 18th Party Congress in November 2012. 1,909 Delegates for the 19th Party Congress representing Central Departments directly under the CCP Central Committee (CC), Central State organs, the Central Enterprise system and the provinces and centrally-administered Municipalities, have been elected.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Jul 2017

CHINA’S INTERNAL SITUATION BEFORE THE 19TH PARTY CONGRESS: AN OVERVIEW
Especially since the 18th Party Congress in November 2012 and as China moves to convene the 19th Party Congress in November 2017, there has been a steady hardening of the Chinese State. Political stability and regime survival have been top on the Party agenda and to ensure this Xi Jinping has introduced progressively restrictive domestic measures and promoted the rise in nationalism.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Jun 2017

XI JINPING'S POLITICAL POWER BASE
Since his appointment simultaneously to China's three top posts of General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Central Committee (CC), Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) and President of China at the 18 th Party Congress in November 2012, Xi Jinping has steadily acquired and consolidated greater authority. In addition to the post of Commander-in-Chief of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) that he assumed on April 20, 2016, Xi Jinping heads a majority of the Central Leading Small Groups (CLSGs).
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Jan 2017

CHINA’S SIXTH PLENUM DESIGNATES XI JINPING AS ‘CORE’ OF THE LEADERSHIP
After four days (October 24-27, 2016) of deliberations at the military-owned Jingxi Hotel in Beijing, 197 full members and 151 alternate members attending the Sixth Plenary session of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)’s 18th Central Committee (CC) under the chairmanship of Chinese President Xi Jinping agreed that Xi Jinping would henceforth be designated the “core” (he xin) of the Party Centre, or fifth generation leadership. The decision, contained in the over 6000-word Plenum document, however, clearly seemed to hold back from granting Xi Jinping unfettered authority by equally carefully emphasising “collective leadership” and asserting that “no party organisation or individual should suppress or undermine intra-party democracy”.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Nov 2016

CHINA’S NEW APPOINTMENTS AND THE NEW TIBET PARTY SECRETARY
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Oct 2016

‘THE CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR—IMPLICATIONS’
The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), announced during Chinese President Xi Jinping’s well-publicised two-day (April 20-21, 2015) visit to Pakistan and with a value estimated by Pakistanis at US$ 46 billion, is a bold geo-economic initiative which alters the strategic environment in the region. It is the first step towards implementing the recommendation of Chinese strategists that “China should begin to shape, rather than just integrate into, the regional and international environment because China now has the capacity to do so”. It has begun to alter the status quo and potentially bend borders in the region.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Jul 2016

‘CHINA’S ROAD & BELT INITIATIVE: INDIAN PERSPECTIVE
China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’, which was first proposed in September 2013 and combines the twin initiatives of the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, is a grand concept that envisions China girdling the globe. Potentially covering 55 percent of the world GNP, 70 percent of the global population, and 75 percent of known energy reserves, it is essentially a plan for a China-built land and sea transportation artery to link China’s production centres with markets and natural resource centres around the world.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
May 2016

CHINA’S ‘BIG TWO’ SESSIONS SIGNAL POLICY SHIFT ON DALAI LAMA
A definitive shift was discernible in Beijing’s policy towards the Dalai Lama at the 4th plenary session of the 12th National People’s Congress (NPC), China’s version of a parliament, that concluded in Beijing on March 15, 2016. China additionally utilised the Chinese People’s Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and NPC sessions – popularly called the ‘Big Two’ -- to subtly continue its efforts to drive a wedge between the Dalai Lama and the various Tibetan Buddhist sects in the bid to undermine his influence and isolate him. Remarks by officials of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) on the sidelines of the ‘Big Two’ clarified that there would be no relaxation in the tough policies being implemented in Tibet.
JAYADEVA RANADE
Mar 2016

‘UPGRADED SINO-PAK RELATIONSHIP INCREASES PRESSURE ON INDIA’
At times individual events irreversibly change the dynamics of regional geopolitics and texture of bilateral relations. Xi Jinping’s well publicised two day (April 20-21, 2015) visit to Pakistan, barely three weeks prior to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi arriving in China, is one such.
JAYADEVA RANADE, President, CCAS
Mar 2016

PLA REFORM, REORGANISATION, RESTRUCTURING AND IMPLICATIONS FOR INDIA
In a clear demonstration of his authority and confidence over the New Year, Chinese President Xi Jinping began implementing the crucial second phase of military reforms announced earlier on September 3, 2015. The reorganisation and restructuring of the 2.3 million-strong People’s Liberation Army (PLA), described by Chinese analysts as the most “extensive” ever and which has been on the drawing board since well before 2011, is the most critical reform initiative taken by Xi Jinping since he took over in November 2012.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Feb 2016

‘MAJOR STRUCTURAL REFORMS IN PEOPLE’S LIBERATION ARMY (PLA): BRIEF INITIAL ASSESSMENT’
The crucial phase of the major military reforms -- described as 'far reaching and unprecedented' -- that were publicly announced on September 3, 2015, by Xi Jinping, who is concurrently the General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), President of China and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), began to be implemented over New Year’s Eve. While the reforms have yet to be fully implemented, an initial assessment of the difficulties in implementation and their scope would perhaps be useful.
Mr. JAYADEVA RANADE
Jan 2016

CHINA: THE FIFTH PLENUM OF THE 18TH CCP CC (OCT 26-29, 2015)’
The 4-day (October 26-29, 2015) eighth session of the 18th Chinese Communist Party (CCP)’s Central Committee (CC)’s Fifth Plenum has, as expected, further strengthened and consolidated Party General Secretary Xi Jinping’s authority and position. The 5,923-character Communique issued promptly after the Fifth Plenum on October 29, 2015, exuded confidence as it firmly set out the path for reforms with the focus on all-round development and asserted China’s goals for the next five years including that of “building a moderately prosperous society by 2020”. There were, interestingly, few references to ‘stability’ despite the steadily growing number of popular protests which China officially estimates at more than 500 each day, and the ‘Chinese Dream’ unveiled by Xi Jinping at the 18th Party Congress in November 2012 was enshrined in the Plenum Communique.
Jayadeva Ranade
Nov 2015

XI JINPING AND CHINA’S MAJOR MILITARY REFORMS -- 2015
Chinese President Xi Jinping’s public announcement downsizing the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) at the grand military parade on September 3, 2015, was a major event. It signalled that the final stages of reform and reorganization of the PLA would begin now that internal consensus had been reached. Despite the transparently thin attempt to package the 300,000-personnel troop reduction as a move towards promoting peace, the troop reduction is actually part of a long-planned effort to streamline and strengthen the PLA and fashion it into a hi-tech, lethal, ‘informationised’ force capable of defending China’s national interests at home and abroad while expanding China’s strategic space.
JAYADEVA RANADE
Nov 2015

‘CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING’S FIRST STATE VISIT (SEPTEMBER 23-28, 2015) TO USA’
Chinese President Xi Jinping’s first state visit to the US later this month is important and comes amidst escalating testiness in the Sino-US bilateral relationship and growing wariness in the higher echelons of the Chinese leadership about US intentions.
JAYADEVA RANADE
Sep 2015

‘CHINA’S FOCUS ON MILITARY ACTIVITIES IN TIBET’
China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and the country’s official military media have kept a discernible focus on the activities and exercises of the PLA formations deployed in Tibet in the past some months.
JAYADEVA RANADE
Aug 2015

‘BRIEF ANALYSIS OF CHINESE OFFICIAL MEDIA REPORTING ON PRIME MINISTER MODI’S VISIT TO CHINA’
Brief analysis of the Chinese official media reporting on the Indian Prime Minister Modi's visit to China
by JAYADEVA RANADE
Jun 2015

‘THE SECOND MODI-XI JINPING SUMMIT’
Analyzes the Indian PM Narendra Modi's state visit to China and particularly in the context of India-China relations.
JAYADEVA RANADE, President, CCAS
Apr 2015

INDIA CHINA RELATIONS – AN INTROSPECTION
Analyses the trends and fault-lines in India-China relations after 1962
Saurabh Kumar, IFS (retd.) (formerly Ambassador of India to the UN and other International Organisations in Vienna; Austria; Ireland & Vietnam)
Sep 2014

CHINA'S PROPOSED MARITIME SILK ROAD (MSR): IMPACT ON INDIAN FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICIES
Analyzes the repercussions of the Maritime Silk Road (MSR) proposal for India
Brig.(Retd) Arun Sahgal, PhD
Jul 2014

GEOPOLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS AND INDIA-CHINA RELATIONS
Analyzes China's foreign and strategic policies and particularly in the context of India- China relations
JAYADEVA RANADE, President, CCAS
Jul 2014

BEIJING: A BULL in AFRICAS CHINA SHOP?
Deconstructs the recent visit of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang in Africa
Narayani Basu
May 2014

CHINA IN TRANSITION
Valedictory Address at the Chennai Centre for China Studies on March 8, 2014
JAYADEVA RANADE, President, CCAS
May 2014

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF INDIA-CHINA RELATIONS
Mr. Menon's speech at the inauguration of CCAS on the significance of India-China relations
Mr. Shiv Shankar Menon, NSA
May 2014

CHINA'S NEW POLICY OF PERIPHERAL DIPLOMACY
The end objective of China's peripheral diplomacy is to use alternative strategies to achieve global leadership.
JAYADEVA RANADE, President, CCAS
May 2014

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